HealingSparsh ayurveda london Dr. Alexander

    Ayurveda is a science that indicates appropriate and inappropriate, contented or sorrowful styles of living, which are favourable or unfavourable for a healthy life, as well as the span of life itself. Preservation of a healthy life-style is the prime philosophy of Ayurveda, which originated about 5,000 years ago in India, and is accepted as the world’s oldest scientific system of medicine. Written documents on Ayurvedic medicine date back 3,200 years.  According to Susrutha (1000 BC),  an individual is considered healthy when their physiognomy is balanced, their digestion and metabolism are functioning well, their  tissues and excretory functions are normal, and their senses, mind, and soul are in a state of constant inner contentment’. Ayurveda helps to achieve these states of constant inner contentment through massage, detoxification, diet, medicines, meditation, and yoga. Ayurveda is a complete system of medicine which can treat a range of ailments from digestive, skin, skeletal and neurological disorders, to depression and anxiety. It is the ultimate holistic panacea for the mind, body and spirit.


    The knowledge of Ayurveda was transferred from  celestial to the world. Ayurveda was developed from most precious scriptures, known as Vedas. These are Rig, Sama, Yajur and Atharva vedas. Ayurveda is considered as the upaveda of Atharvaveda, which contains the principles  of healing. During 500-600 B.C., Charaka, Susrutha, Agasthya,  and Kashyapa, among others,  highly intellectual sages, took from the vedas the references to all illness, diseases, drugs or medicines and developed  the samhitas.  Ancient physicians embraced the knowledge of Ayurveda from these samhitas and applied them to the prevention as well as the cure of illnesses. Ayurveda is not only an ancient Indian wisdom of preventive health and healing, but is also a philosophy of living.


    Ayurveda removes the causes  of  illnesses and re-establishes the metabolic balance to our system. The term ‘Ayurveda’ is developed from two Sanskrit words, ayu meaning life or life-span, and veda meaning knowledge  or science. Hence, the combined term Ayurveda means not just “knowledge of life”, but represents the purpose of living one’s life in the best possible way, physically and mentally. The philosophy of Ayurveda aims at a healthy and long life through a balanced style of living, based on the three pillars  of body, mind and spirit. According to Ayurveda, we are composed of three bodies, physical, astral, causal, that is, body, mind and soul -  and any course of treatment must therefore be planned  to the patient’s personal needs. Ayurveda emphasises not only the treatment of ailment, but also prevention, through detoxification and rejuvenation.

    Ayurvedic  treatments start with a proper consultation. This covers recording the case history and  present living habits, and also a physical check-up and pulse diagnosis. Each  client or patient  will be provided with a questionnaire to assess the prakruthi or constitutional doshas. This has a vital role in treatment according to the Ayurvedic tridosha theoretical frame work. Medical sages of India developed the tridosha theory to explain the structure and dynamics of biological forms from the pancha mahaboota theory, which explains the structure and dynamics of all universe and its elements. The three doshas (vata, pitta and kapha) are the primary and essential bio-energetic forces of the human body. Each has its characteristic site and unique function in the body. They are interrelated and, in their normal state, maintain the integrity of the living organism, conferring strength and assuring normal physiological functioning as well as longevity. The three doshas need to be in a state of equilibrium for the body to remain healthy. Any imbalance of these bio-energetic forces results in ill-health.

    Panchakarma is the core of Ayurvedic treatments. The aim of any panchakarma treatment is the restoration of the perfect harmony of doshas. The basic features of any course of treatment are oil massages and various herbal and cleansing treatments, as well as yoga and meditation. An accurate treatment program is drawn up individually for each client, and the same applies to the Ayurvedic diet plan. Depending on the constitution of the doshas, the same ingredient or herb can affect their balance in various ways, and absolute balance  is necessary for physical and mental health. An unhealthy and unbalanced life-style or changes in an individual’s circumstances can cause a change in the natural balance. This disruption of the equilibrium is seen in Ayurvedic teaching as the cause of illness.

    In Ayurveda holistic diagnosis is always made. The physician takes a careful note of the patient’s internal physiological characteristics and mental condition. The Ayurvedic practitioner considers  factors like  affected bodily tissues, humours, the site at which the disease is located, the patient’s resistance and vitality, their daily routine and dietary habits, the gravity of existing clinical conditions, the condition of their digestion, and details of the patient’s personal, social, economic, and environmental situations. The diagnosis also involves the following examinations:

    General physical examination

    •   Pulse examination
    •   Questionnaire for prakruti analysis

    The main goals of Ayurvedic treatments are:

    1. Elimination of toxins (Aama)
    2. Restoration of complete health


     According to Charaka, the body comprises 107 marma, or vital points, which are said to link our consciousness with our physical bodies. Massage of these points unblocks energies and triggers healing. Susruta described the effects of rubbing with characteristic emphasis upon the  pitta value;  “Rubbing and friction tend to dilate the orifice of the (superficial) ducts and increase the temperature of the skin.  Rubbing specifically improves the complexion of females and gives a lovely appearance, cleanliness, beauty, and suppleness to the female form.  Friction pacifies vata, cures itches, rashes, and eruptions.”  Therefore, by the principle of similarity and dissimilarity the heat generated in this fashion balances the cold vata and also helps liquefy impurities which block physiology.  The relaxation of tissues brought about in this manner helps promote elimination of impurities, and the motion of rubbing provides the impetus for moving the impurities to the channels of elimination.

    Metabolism at the time of exercise and physical activity releases free radicals and toxins that build up at the marma points, causing fatigue. Massage of neuro-musculo-skeletal (marma) joints keeps tissues free from toxins, releasing fatigue, toning and relaxing muscles, and ensures that nutrients are directed to the right channels. When waste and toxins are removed, the body’s organs and tissues return to their normal levels of function and we are rewarded with calm and restful alertness. Medicated oils are used in Ayurvedic massages, sesame oil being a common base. Oils enhance the detoxification, and the loosening and elimination process, while also softening and lubricating the tissues. These actions result in stress release.


    Three  basic humors on which  this science of healing depends is vata, pitta and kapha.  Ayurveda, the ancient system of healing from India, has captured the attention and imagination of the West.  People from the West and other parts of the world visit India to learn this healing science and to undergo treatments.  Ayurveda classifies the land [ desa ] into three based on the priority of tridoshas. Seasonal variations can affect people in different ways.  In some seasons there are chances of communicable diseases,  or in others,  arthritic complaints will increase, and this varies from land to land according to seasons.  For example Europe is classified as anoopa desa.  In this desa the predominance of kapha is there and the climate is cold.  There will be association of vata  along with kapha. So there will be a high prevalence of joint related diseases,  respiratory problems like sinusitis, allergic bronchitis, and seasonally affected disorders such as depression. Here Ayurveda guides us through an ideal lifestyle favourable for this land type, through suitable treatments, behaviour, and diet, and following these guidelines will lead to a disease-free life.